Alapin Semen

Alapin Semen Zinovievich (7 November 1856, Wilna -21 August 1923, Heidelberg) - Russian master, one of strongest chessplayers of Russia of the end 19 - beginning 20 centuries. The beginning of Alapin's chess way is connected to St. Petersburg. Still in gimnasistic years he has paid on himself attention by original style of game, and within study in institute of the engineers of means of communication was put forward in group of the leading chess players of capital. The first Alapin's performance in large tournament (St. Petersburg, 1978-79) was marked by the large success: he has divided 1-2 places with Chigorin, but has lost to him a resolute game for 1 prize. The debut on the international arena (Frankfurt-on-Mein, 1887) has brought to him a rank of the master. Further he participated in many international tournaments, from which is necessary to note Manchester, 1890 - 7-9, Berlin, 1897 - 6-8, Vienna, 1898 -10, Monte-Carlo, 1901 -5. Alapin has won a match at Bardeleben (1893, + 3-1 = 1) and has played draw with Schlechter (1899, + 1-1 = 4). During all chess activity Alapin played in domestic competitions. He was fifth in 4 All-Russia tournament, second - in 5, twice in 1906 won tournaments of the strongest chess players of St. Petersburg, in 1907 has won a match at Levitsky (+ 5 = 1). His last performance was participation in the All-Russia tournament of the masters in St. Petersburg, 1913-14. Alapin was one of the largest theorists of the time. As his name are named developed by him a debut 1.e4 e5 2. Ne2, system in the Spanish opening (3. ... Bb4), in the Sicilan defence to protection (2.c3), Evans gambit. Much oblige to Alapin the theory of the French defence. He has much worked above defence Mac-Catchon, has offered system 3.... Nc6 (after 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3. Nc3), has opened a move 7. Nb5 (after 1.e4 e6 2. Nc3 Nf6 3. Bg5 Be7 4.e5 Nfd7 5. Be7 Qe7) and itself has specified protection against it 7... Kd8. The debut ideas of Alapin reflected his sharp critical thinking. The theoretical researches he illustrated by the made parties, where white player was = Atakinsky =, and black player was = Defendarov =. Alapin has got the large popularity as the journalist indefatigably propagandizing chess art.
Chess dictionary,1964

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